The Elements of Music

Staff, Notes(Pitches), Note Length, Rhythms, Dynamics, Tempo

The staff 

5 lines and 4 spaces

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 5.57.02 PM

Treble Clef- played by all woodwind instruments, trumpet, french horn, and bells

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 5.58.37 PM

Lindsey Stirling- Violin

Bass Clef- played by all low brass instruments, timpani and sometimes marimba

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 5.59.22 PM

Mat Mcintosh- Tuba

Grand Staff- played by pianists

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 5.57.39 PM

John Cage- Prepared Piano

The notes (pitches)

How will you remember the notes?? Create your own acronym. 

Treble Clef       :   Lines- EGBDF      Spaces- FACE

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 6.06.09 PM

Bass Clef          :    Lines- GBDFA     Spaces- ACEG

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 6.06.44 PM

Duration of notes

Whole Note= 4 counts   Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 8.19.27 PM

Half Note= 2 counts  Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 8.20.08 PM

Quarter Note = 1 count     Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 8.20.45 PM

Eighth Note = 1/2 count    8th note

Sixteenth Note = 1/4 countScreen Shot 2017-08-16 at 8.22.05 PM

Screen Shot 2017-08-16 at 8.16.33 PM


Counting: Down beats are numbers 1, 2, 3, 4   Up beats are +


Dotted Rhythms – a dot adds half of the value of what kind of note it is on to itself

dotted whole note= 6

dotted half note= 3

dotted quarter note = 1 1/2

dotted 8th note = 3/4


How loud or how soft music sounds

pp – pianissimo , very  soft

Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun

p – piano , soft

mp – mezzo piano, medium soft

mf- mezzo forte, medium loud

f – forte, loud

ff- fortissimo , very loud

Pines of Rome- Mvt. 4

Crescendo- gradually get louder

Decrescendo – gradually get softer

Time signatures

4/4, 3/4, 2/4




Bottom note is what kind of note gets the beat

Top note is how many are in a measure

Changing the bottom note





Speed of a piece of music , can be a number or a word

quarter note = 100, or with note = 140

Vivace = very fast

Largo = very slow


Lets Practice!

Go to : Reading Notes

Here is a fun Cross Word Puzzle! Music Cross Word


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